This policy has been approved and adopted by the Governing Body in Sept 2020 and will be reviewed in Sept 2021.
We recognise our moral and statutory responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children.
We make every effort to provide a safe and welcoming environment underpinned by a culture of openness where both children and adults feel secure, able to talk and believe that they are being listened to.
We maintain an attitude of “it could happen here” where safeguarding is concerned.
The purpose of this policy is to provide staff, volunteers and governors with the framework they need in order to keep children safe and secure in our school, and to inform parents and guardians how we will safeguard their children whilst they are in our care.
Specific guidance is available to staff within the procedure documents.
Within this document:
Child protection is an aspect of safeguarding but is focused on how we respond to children who have been significantly harmed or are at risk of significant harm.
The term staff applies to all those working for or on behalf of the school, full time or part time, in either a paid or voluntary capacity. This also includes parents and governors.
Child refers to all young people who have not yet reached their 18 birthday. On the whole, this will apply to pupils of our school; however the policy will extend to visiting children and students from other establishments
Parent refers to birth parents and other adults in a parenting role for example adoptive parents, step-parents, guardians and foster carers.
Abuse could mean neglect, physical, emotional or sexual abuse or any combination of these. Parents, carers and other people can harm children either by direct acts and / or failure to provide proper care. Explanations of these are given within the procedure document.
Principles and Values
Children have a right to feel secure and cannot learn effectively unless they do so.
All children have a right to be protected from harm.
All staff have a key role in prevention of harm and an equal responsibility to act on any suspicion or disclosure that may indicate a child is at risk of harm, either in the school or in the community, taking into account contextual safeguarding, in accordance with the guidance.
We acknowledge that working in partnership with other agencies protects children and reduces risk and so we will engage in partnership working throughout the child protection process to safeguard children.
Whilst the school will work openly with parents as far as possible, it reserves the right to contact Children’s Social Care or the police, without notifying parents if this is believed to be in the child’s best interests.
Leadership and Management
We have established clear lines of accountability, training and advice to support the process of child protection and individual staff within that process.
In this school, any individual can contact the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) or their Deputy (DDSL) if they have concerns about a child or young person.
The DSL is Catherine Whatley and the DDSL are Anna Fowles, Alice Corney and Steve Darby. There is a nominated safeguarding governor, Jackie Kelly, who will take leadership responsibility for safeguarding. The Chair of Governors, Jackie Kelly, will receive reports of allegations against the headteacher and act on the behalf of the governing body.
As an employer we follow safer recruitment guidance as set out in KCSiE 2020.
All staff in our school are expected to be aware of the signs and symptoms of abuse and must be able to respond appropriately. Training is provided as required and every September. Separate training is provided to all new staff on appointment. The DSL will attend training at least every other year to enable them to fulfil their role.
Any update in national or local guidance will be shared with all staff in briefings and then captured in the next whole school training. This policy will be updated during the year to reflect any changes brought about by new guidance.
Following any concerns raised, the DSL will assess the information and consider if significant harm has happened or there is a risk that it may happen. If the evidence suggests the threshold of significant harm, or risk of significant harm has been reached, or if it is not clear if the threshold is met, the DSL will contact Children’s Social Care and, if appropriate, the police. If the DSL or DDSL is not available or there are immediate concerns, the staff member will refer directly to Children’s Social Care and the police if appropriate. We will use the guidance from NPCC to determine when to contact the police.
Generally, the DSL will inform the parents prior to making a referral. However, there are situations where this may not be possible or appropriate, particularly when informing parents may place the child at further risk
N.B. The exception to this process will be in those cases of known FGM where there is a mandatory requirement for the teacher to report directly to the police. The DSL should also be made aware.
We maintain that all matters relating to child protection are to be treated as confidential and only shared as per the ‘Information Sharing Advice for Practitioners’ (DfE 2015) guidance
There is a lawful basis for child protection concerns to be shared with agencies who have a statutory duty for child protection.
Information will be shared with individuals within the school who ‘need to know’.
All staff are aware that they cannot promise a child to keep a disclosure confidential.
As a school we will educate pupils to recognise when they are at risk and how to get help when they need it through:
The content of the curriculum
A school ethos which helps children to feel safe and able to talk freely about their concerns, believing that they will be listened to and valued.
Safeguarding posters displayed around the school
Dealing with allegations against staff
If a concern is raised about the practice or behaviour of a member of staff, this information will be recorded and passed to the headteacher Name. The Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) will be contacted and the relevant guidance will be followed
If the allegation is against the headteacher, the person receiving the allegation will contact the LADO or Chair of Governors directly. (Annex 5)
Dealing with allegations against pupils
Section 175 of the education act 2002;
Children Act 2004 & 1989
Hampshire Safeguarding Children Partnership protocols and guidance and their procedures
If a concern is raised that there is an allegation of a pupil abusing another pupil within the school, the ‘Peer on Peer Abuse’ guidance will be followed (Annex 6)
As a school, we review this policy at least annually in line with DfE, HSCP and HCC requirements and other relevant statutory guidance.
All staff have a key role to play in identifying concerns early and in providing help for children. To achieve this, they will:
Establish and maintain an environment where children feel secure, are encouraged to talk and are listened to.
Ensure children know that there are adults in the school who they can approach if they are worried or have concerns.
Plan opportunities within the curriculum for children to develop the skills they need to recognise, assess and manage risk appropriately and keep themselves safe.
Attend training in order to be aware of and alert to the signs of abuse.
Maintain an attitude of “it could happen here” with regards to safeguarding.
Be aware that mental health problems can, in some cases, be an indicator that a child has suffered or is at risk of suffering abuse, neglect or exploitation
Recognise that abuse, neglect, or other adverse childhood experiences, can have an impact on the mental health, behaviour and education of children.
Record their concerns if they are worried that a child is being abused and report these to the DSL as soon as practical that day. If the DSL is not contactable immediately a DDSL should be informed
Be prepared to refer directly to social care, and the police if appropriate, if there is a risk of significant harm and the DSL or DDSL is not available.
Follow the allegations procedures (Annex 5) if the disclosure is an allegation against a member of staff.
Follow the procedures set out by the HSCP and take account of guidance issued by the DfE.
Support pupils in line with their child protection plan.
Treat information with confidentiality but never promising to “keep a secret”.
Notify the DSL or DDSL of any child on a child protection plan or child in need plan who has unexplained absence.
Have an understanding of Early Help and be prepared to identify and support children who may benefit from early help.
Liaise with other agencies that support pupils and provide early help.
Ensure they know who the DSL and DDSL are and know how to contact them.
Have an awareness of the Child Protection Policy; the Behaviour Policy; the Staff Behaviour Policy (or Code of Conduct); peer on peer abuse procedures; safeguarding response for children who go missing from education; and the role of the DSL.
Senior Management Team responsibilities:
Contribute to inter-agency working in line with Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 guidance
Provide a co-ordinated offer of early help when additional needs of children are identified
Ensure staff are alert to the various factors that can increase the need for early help (para 18 KCSiE 2020)
Working with Children’s Social Care, support their assessment and planning processes including the school’s attendance at conference and core group meetings.
Carry out tasks delegated by the governing body such as training of staff, safer recruitment and maintaining a single central register.
Provide support and advice on all matters pertaining to safeguarding and child protection to all staff regardless of their position within the school.
Treat any information shared by staff or pupils with respect and follow agreed policies and procedures.
Ensure that allegations or concerns against staff are dealt with in accordance with guidance from Department for Education (DfE) and the Hampshire Safeguarding Children Partnership (HSCP) procedures.
Governing body responsibilities
Ensure the school has effective safeguarding policies and procedures including a Child Protection Policy, a Staff Behaviour Policy or Code of Conduct, a Behaviour Policy and a response to children who go missing from education.
Ensure HSCP is informed in line with local requirements about the discharge of duties via the annual safeguarding audit.
Recruitment, selection and induction follows safer recruitment practice including all appropriate checks.
Allegations against staff are dealt with by the headteacher. Allegations against the headteacher are dealt with by the Chair of Governors.
A member of the Senior Leadership Team is appointed as Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) and has this recorded in their job description.
Staff have been trained appropriately and this is updated in line with guidance
Any safeguarding deficiencies or weaknesses are remedied without delay
A nominated governor for safeguarding is identified.
DSL responsibilities (to be read in conjunction with DSL role description in KCSiE) *****
In this school the DSL is Catherine Whatley
The Deputy DSL are Anna Fowles, Alice Corney and Steve Darby
In addition to the role of all staff and the senior management team, the DSL will
Refer cases to social care, and the police where appropriate, in a timely manner avoiding any delay that could place the child at more risk.
Assist the Governing Body in fulfilling their safeguarding responsibilities set out in legislation and statutory guidance.
Attend appropriate training and demonstrate evidence of continuing professional development to carry out the role.
Ensure every member of staff knows who the DSL and the Deputy are, have an awareness of the DSL role and know how to contact them.
Ensure all staff and volunteers understand their responsibilities in being alert to the signs of abuse and responsibility for referring any concerns about a child to the DSL and concerns about an adult to the headteacher.
Ensure that those staff that need to know, are aware of those children who have experienced, or are experiencing abuse in order to promote their educational outcomes and provide the appropriate support.
Ensure whole school training occurs regularly with at least annual updates so that staff and volunteers can fulfil their responsibilities knowledgeably.
Ensure any members of staff joining the school outside of the agreed training schedule receive induction prior to commencement of their duties.
Keep records of child protection concerns securely and separately from the main pupil file and use these records to support in assessing the likelihood of risk.
Ensure that safeguarding records are transferred accordingly (separate from pupil files) and in a timely fashion when a child transfers school, including in-year transfers.
Ensure that where a pupil transfers school and is on a child protection plan or is a child looked after, their information is passed to the new school immediately and that the child’s social worker is informed. Consideration is given to a transition meeting prior to moving if the case is complex or on-going.
Be aware of the training opportunities and briefings provided by HSCP to ensure staff are aware of the latest local guidance on safeguarding.
Develop, implement and review procedures in the school that enable the identification and reporting of all cases, or suspected cases, of abuse.
Meet any other expectations set out for DSLs in KCSiE 2020
The following procedures apply to all staff working in the school and will be covered by training to enable staff to understand their role and responsibility.
The aim of our procedures is to provide a robust framework which enables staff to take appropriate action when they are concerned that a child is being harmed or is at risk of harm.
The prime concern at all stages must be the interests and safety of the child. Where there is a conflict of interest between the child and an adult, the interests of the child must be paramount.
All staff are aware that very young children, those with disabilities, special needs or with language deficit/English as a second language may have more difficulty in communicating concerns or feelings. They may be more likely to communicate concerns with behaviours rather than words. Additionally, staff will question the cause of knocks and bumps in children who have limited mobility, which will include children (for example younger siblings) visiting the site as well as those who are pupils.
If a member of staff suspects abuse, spots signs or indicators of abuse, or they have a disclosure of abuse made to them they must:
Make an initial record of the information on CPOMS.
Report it to the DSL immediately
The DSL will consider if there is a requirement for immediate medical intervention; however, urgent medical attention should not be delayed if the DSL is not immediately available
Make an accurate record (which may be used in any subsequent court proceedings) as soon as possible and within 24 hours of the occurrence, of all that has happened, including details of:
Dates and times of their observations
Dates and times of any discussions in which they were involved
Explanations given by the child / adult
What action was taken
Any actual words or phrases used by the child
The records must be signed and dated by the author (if paper-based) with an equivalent procedure in place for electronic based records. All paper-based records will be scanned and uploaded to CPOMS.
In the absence of the DSL or their Deputy, be prepared to refer directly to Children’s Social Care (and the police if appropriate) if there is the potential for immediate significant harm.
Following a report of concerns the DSL must:
Decide whether or not there are sufficient grounds for suspecting significant harm in which case a referral must be made to Children’s Social Care and the police if it is in keeping with the National Police Chiefs Council “When to call the Police” guidance. The rationale for this decision should be recorded by the DSL
Normally the school should try to discuss any concerns about a child’s welfare with the family and where possible to seek their agreement before making a referral to Children’s Social Care. However, in accordance with DfE guidance, this should only be done when it will not place the child at increased risk or could have an impact on a police investigation. Where there are doubts or reservations about involving the child’s family, the DSL should clarify with Children’s Social Care or the police whether the parents should be told about the referral and, if so, when and by whom. This is important in cases where the police may need to conduct a criminal investigation. The child’s views should also be taken into account as appropriate.
If there are grounds to suspect a child is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm the DSL (or Deputy) must contact Children’s Social Care via the Inter-Agency Referral Form (IARF) making a clear statement of:
the known facts
any suspicions or allegations
whether or not there has been any contact with the child’s family.
If there is indication that the child is suffering significant harm, a call will also be made to Children’s Reception Team (CRT) on 01329 225379.
If a child is in immediate danger and urgent protective action is required, the police must be called. The DSL must then notify Children’s Social Care of the occurrence and what action has been taken.
When a pupil needs urgent medical attention and there is suspicion of parental abuse causing the medical need, the DSL or their Deputy should take the child to the accident and emergency unit at the nearest hospital, while Children’s Social Care are informed. Advice should be sought from Children’s Social Care about informing the parents, remembering that parents should normally be informed that a child requires urgent hospital attention.
If there is not a risk of significant harm, the DSL will either actively monitor the situation or consider the Early Help process.